Cannabinoids are the active compounds in marijuana that produce natural health benefits. There are 483 known cannabinoids found in marijuana. Here are the most common and their effects.
The most common psychoactive cannabinoid. It is best known for causing the high you get from smoking marijuana. However, it also seems to have a number of medical applications, such as pain relief and the ability to improve appetite. It's used in the treatment of Alzheimer's Disease, Crohn's Disease, Cancer, AIDS/HIV, PTSD, Multiple Sclerosis, Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, Parkinson's Disease and Chronic Pain.
The propyl homologue of THC. It is similar to THC except that it suppresses appetite instead of increasing it. In the aromatic ring the usual five-carbon pentyl is replaced by a short three-carbon propyl chain. The propyl cannabinoids have so far been found in some varieties originating from Southeast and Central Asia and parts of Africa. What are considered some very potent marijuana varieties contain propyl cannabinoids. In one study, THCV made up to 48.23 percent (Afghanistan strain) and 53.69 percent (South Africa) of the cannabinoids found. We've seen no reports on its activity in humans. From animal studies it appears to be much faster in onset and quicker to dissipate than THC. It may be the constituent of one- or two-toke grass, but its activity appears to be somewhat less than that of THC.
The second most common cannabinoid. Although it has no psychoactive effects, it appears to improve mood and alleviate pain. CBD has received a lot of attention lately because of its antipsychotic effect that calms the nervous system. Studies suggest that it may help with Epilepsy, Schizophrenia, Diabetes, Anxiety, Depression
Created from THC when cannabis is exposed to air — through a process called oxidization. CBN on its own provides a mild psychoactive effect, but when combined with THC can make you feel drowsy and induce sleep. It's antibacterial properties were used to treat strains of MRSA that weren't treatable with common antibiotics.
A non-psychoactive cannabinoid, is the building block for THC and CBD. It has been shown to reduce intraocular pressure, making it ideal for glaucoma patients.
CBC is the third most common cannabinoid in the marijuana plant overall. In some strains, CBC may even take dominance over CBD. Like CBD, cannabichromene is non-psychoactive. It's used as an anti-inflammatory as well as a stimulant for brain cell growth known as neurogenesis to combat Alzheimer's Disease. It is also anti-fungal.